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The coast of North West Wales

Rugged scenery were snowdonia realy does reach down to the sea, the major towns and attractions are listed below:


A magnificent World Heritage designated Castle, a stunning narrow gauge railway, an exciting National Watersports centre, and a fascinating Roman Fort are just a few of the attractions on offer to the Caernarfon visitor. Caernarfon is a real gateway into the Snowdonia National Park (the scenic railway runs directly into the heart of Snowdonia from Caernarfon). Caernarfon has a rich history, many speak Welsh here. The town is perfect as a base for accessing Snowdonia, many outdoor centres and walking tour operators are based here.


Bangor is a small coastal city in North Wales, and although it does not have an abundance of attractions, it is a picturesque place offering views over the Menai Strait (especially attractive at sun-set), and also serves as a convenient base for visiting the nearby Snowdonia National Park. The city is also a popular place to spend the night for travellers leaving for Ireland on the Holyhead to Dublin ferry.

With a population of only around 14,000, Bangor is one of the UK's smallest cities. However, as a bustling university town, the city is not lacking in cafes and restaurants and enjoys a vibrant night life.

Around half of the people in the city can speak Welsh, but if you took away all of the students in the University, this figure would be much higher.

Bangor University was founded as a direct result of a campaign in the late nineteenth century for higher education provision in Wales . Funds were raised by public subscription to establish a college of university rank in Bangor . An important feature of its foundation was the voluntary contributions made by local people, including farmers and quarrymen, from their weekly wages over a period of time.

Opening its doors in 1884...
The University was founded as the University College of North Wales. It opened its doors on 18 October 1884 in an old coaching inn with 58 students and 10 members of staff. The students received degrees from the University of London until 1893 when the University of Wales, Bangor became one of the three original constituent colleges of the University of Wales .

The location...
The University was originally based in an old coaching inn called the Penrhyn Arms. In 1903, the city of Bangor donated a 10-acre site overlooking the city at Penrallt for a new building, and substantial sums of money were raised by local people to help meet the cost. The foundation stone for this was laid in 1907, and four years later in 1911 the main building was opened, together with some arts and social science buildings and part of the Library.

The Science Departments remained in the Penrhyn Arms for another fifteen years. In 1926 they moved to new purpose-built accommodation which had been constructed with the assistance of funds raised by the North Wales Heroes Memorial.

Today there are over 10,000 students and 2,000 members of staff. Bangor University is committed to providing teaching of the highest quality, conducting research of the highest quality, taking good care of its students and playing a full role in the wider community of Wales .



Segontium is a Roman fort for a Roman auxiliary force, located on the outskirts of Caernarfon.

It probably takes its name from the nearby River Seiont and may be related to the Segontiaci. The Segontiaci were a tribe of Iron Age Britain encountered by Julius Caesar during his second expedition to Britain in 55 BC. They surrendered to him as he was campaigning against Cassivellaunus in the Thames Valley, which suggests they were also based in the south-east.

The fort was founded by Agricola (Latin for farmer) and can refer to a number of different people and things Roman. The Ordovices were one of the Celtic tribes living in Great Britain, before the Roman invasion of Britain. Its tribal lands were located in Wales between the Silures to the south and the Deceangli to the north-east.
Segontium was the main Roman fort in the north of Roman Wales up to and during the Roman occupation of Britain and was designed to hold about a thousand auxiliary infantry. It was connected by a Roman road
to the Roman legionary base at Chester.
Unlike the more recent Caernarfon castle alongside the Seiont estuary, Segontium is located on higher ground giving a good view of the Menai Straits.

The original timber defences were rebuilt in stone in the first half of the second century AD. An inscription on an aqueduct from the time of the Emperor Septimius
indicates that at that time it was garrisoned by Cohors I Sunicorum, which would have originally been levied among the Sunici of Gallia Belgica.

The site is now cut through by the A4085 road to Beddgelert, but the remains of most of the buildings are preserved. There is a visitor centre and a small museum exhibiting finds made in and around the fort. Outside the fort, the remains of a civilian settlement have been found, together with a Roman temple of Mithras, the Caernarfon Mithraeum and a cemetery.

Segontium is implicit in the name of the surrounding town, because "caer" means fort. The name of the town of Caernarfon is the corrupted form of "Caer yn ar-Fon", which means "Fort in (the land) opposite Mon".

Segontium in mythology and fiction

In Breuddwyd Macsen Wledig ("The dream of Macsen Wledig"), one of the Four Independent Tales in the Mabinogion, Macsen (who can be identified with Magnus Maximus who made a bid for Roman emperor in 383) dreams of a beautiful woman who turns out to be at "the fort at the mouth of the Seiont".


This enormous 19th-century neo-Norman castle sits between Snowdonia and the Menai Strait.(just outside Bangor) It is crammed with fascinating items, such as a one-ton slate bed made for Queen Victoria, elaborate carvings, plasterwork and mock-Norman furniture, in addition it has an outstanding collection of paintings. The restored kitchens are a delight and the stable block houses a fascinating industrial railway museum, a model railway museum and a superb dolls' museum. The 24.3 hectares (60 acres) of grounds include parkland, an exotic tree and shrub collection as well as a Victorian walled garden

Don't miss
■Wander through lavishly furnished state rooms.
■Enjoy one the finest art collections in Wales.
■Explore the warren of workrooms in the servants' area.



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